REYKJAVIK: Iceland was gearing up Sunday for tough horsetrading over its next government after the anti-establishment Pirate Party and its allies gained ground against the ruling centre-right in a vote triggered by the Panama Papers scandal.
Prime Minister Sigurdur Ingi Johannsson announced his resignation after his centrist Progressive Party — which had been governing in a coalition with the conservative Independence Party — suffered a drubbing in Saturday’s vote.
Final figures from the election, called after Johannsson’s predecessor was forced out over revelations in the Panama Papers of a hidden offshore account worth millions, pointed to a deadlocked outcome.
The Independence and Progressive parties together won 29 seats in the 63-member parliament or Althingi, down nine from the outgoing assembly.
The Pirates and its three centre-left allies won 27 seats, reaping gains from a wave of popular anger with the establishment parties but falling short of a majority.
Johannsson, an unpopular figure over his perceived closeness to business, said he will remain in office until a new government is formed in the volcanic island nation.
President Gudni Johannesson is set to task Finance Minister Bjarni Benediktsson of the Independence Party, which won 21 seats, with trying to form a new government.
‘Open to compromise’
Pirate Party co-founder Birgitta Jonsdottir said she was “thrilled” after the movement created by anarchists, hackers and activists picked up 10 seats, more than tripling its representation.
“We will carry on no matter what’s going to happen in the next few days,” she told a news conference, saying her party is “open to compromise”.
The Left-Green Movement also picked up 10 seats, the Social Democrats three, and the centrist Bright Future Movement four. The centrist Regeneration Party, which won seven seats, could determine the fate of coalition talks but negotiations with the Independence Party could be tough.
The two parties fell out over holding a referendum on resuming the nation’s EU membership talks which were stalled by the incumbent government.
“We have not been negative towards other parties or how governments should be formed,” said Regeneration leader Benedikt Johannesson.
The election was triggered after the Panama Papers revealed in April that 600 Icelanders including bankers, business leaders and cabinet ministers, including the then premier, had holdings stashed away in offshore accounts.
The episode revived the seething public anger that erupted during the 2008 financial crisis, which wrecked Iceland’s banking industry and plunged the country into recession, prompting it to seek a humiliating IMF bailout.
“The Independence Party is being rewarded for its role in corruption,” one Pirate Party cofounder, Smari McCarthy, told RUV.
‘Like Robin Hood’
The Pirate Party has a five-point programme that includes holding a referendum on EU membership, constitutional change to make leaders more accountable, greater protection of natural resources and the closure of tax loopholes for large corporations.
“We are a platform for young people, for progressive people who shape and reshape our society,” said Jonsdottir.
“Like Robin Hood because Robin Hood was a pirate, we want to take the power from the powerful to give it to the people.”
Gretar Eytorsson, professor of political science at the University of Akureyri, said the Pirates did not gain a majority because not enough young people voted despite a near 80 percent overall turnout.
“What was suspected happened. The young voters did not show up,” he said. “That was most likely the biggest reason for their loss… compared with the polls. But let’s not forget that they are a much bigger party now.”
Iceland, a volcanic island with a population of just over 330,000, has returned to prosperity since its 2008 financial meltdown.
Gross domestic product growth is expected to be above four percent this year thanks to tourism revenues and a recovering financial system.